6 Factors To Consider When Comparing 529 Plans
Oct 13, 2023 By Triston Martin

529 College Savings Day is celebrated annually on May 29 by a segment of the scholarly institution and the personal finance industry. This is a pleasant reminder that savers in all 50 states (and DC) have access to stamp duty options. A 529 plan is a great method to set aside money for only a beneficiary's future higher education costs, such as education, charges, books, housing, including technology. Starting in 1996, it was sold in the United States. The givers of funds are left to the discretion of those who have set them aside. In addition to being free from federal tax, dividends from a 529 plan utilized to pay for qualifying higher education costs are exempt from municipal taxes in many states.

Prepaid Vs College Savings Investment Plans

When we refer to 529 plans, there are two different versions: 529 savings plans and 529 prepaid tuition plans.2 The fact that both are called 529 can confuse parents weighing their options. This article focuses on 529 savings plans, but it's worth being aware of 529 prepaid tuition plans, despite their declining popularity.

Local or Long-Distance Move?

Many parents believe that they must participate in their state's 529 plan. According to one study by the Investment Company According to the Education Savings Trust Research Institute, eighty percent of 529 investors choose their home state's plan. Not all states provide tax rebates or other advantages, and many have prohibitively expensive fees that may nullify any savings. Most states have more than one 529 plan available, and you are free to enroll in a plan from another state or one provided by a financial advisor regardless of where you live.


Some states exclusively give tax credits or deductions for donations made to their individual 529 plans, while others will accept investments to any government's 529 plan. The contribution limit and tax credits for these plans vary from one state to the next. Contributions to either a 529 plan in any state are tax deductible in Pennsylvania as well as Montana, for example, although the overall amount of both deductions may be capped. 56 Some states, including Colorado, do not limit deductions for 529 contributions. Find out if in-state 529 plans have preferential tax treatment in someone's state and if the benefits outweigh the negatives, such as high fees or poor fund performance.


Investing is a long-term game, and you want to be sure you're getting the best return possible by weighing the relative expenses of the various programs you're considering. Plans may incur a variety of costs that could outweigh any tax benefits.

Some of the fees to look for include:

Account Maintenance Fees:

If indeed the account balance is below a specific threshold and the investor lives outside of the state, these fees may apply to some plans. However, there are several options where this is not a cost.

Management Charges:

Some proposals charge varying flat or fraction of percent fees for active management account holders or investments in specific index funds.

Annual Account Fees:

There are also options that offer a one-time, all-inclusive rate. Others have fees that fluctuate with the customer's financial standing. In some states, locals can take advantage of reduced rates or no account charge altogether.

Fees for Funds:

A fraction of a percent fee may apply depending on the investment in which the 529 strategy invests (Advantage or Vanguard, for example).


Some 529 plans have sleek, user-friendly websites, while others either have very few features or require a lot of paperwork. Check out the official web pages for each potential strategy to learn more about them. How simple or complicated is it to enroll, make recurring or one-time payments, initiate a rollover, and navigate the site in general? Nobody can put money into a 529 plan, though doing so can be difficult. It's a good idea to see if it's straightforward for grandparents or other loved ones to contribute to your savings. For many programs, participants must still exchange account numbers, send paper cheques in the mail, and complete paperwork.

Investment Strategy

Your tolerance for risk, budget, child's age, the amount you want to invest, the number of kids, and comprehensive investment strategy can all influence your plan. You have the option of having your account managed either actively or passively or taking matters into your own hands. You could also be looking for the safest or most lucrative option. While the starting contribution for some plans is relatively minimal, others may a high initial investment.


The most crucial aspect of any savings strategy is getting started as soon as possible. What are you waiting for? Not to mention, investigate the matter thoroughly. Shortly after the birth of their first child, most individuals start thinking about stamp duty 529 plans. The options, restrictions, and regulations surrounding 529 plans can make research appear overwhelming. If you can't find what you're looking for online, a financial planner will be able to help you out.